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What is Ebola disease?

New Delhi, Sat, 04 Oct 2014 NI Wire

The Ebola is virus disease caused by  ebolavirus and this disease is very fatal disease often lead to death. This disease is also caused in other primates. The main Symptoms of this disease are fever, sore throat, muscle pain, and headaches along with vomiting, diarrhea, rash follow, decreased function of the liver, kidneys. The symptoms of disease occurs  two days to three weeks after getting infected with the Ebola virus. The symptoms of the disease also include the internal and external bleeding.

This virus was first discovered in the year 1976, since then the World Health Organization reported a total of 1,716 cases till 2013. The ongoing outbreak of the Ebola virus from 2014 is the biggest outbreak of the disease. The Ebola 2014 outbreak is mostly affecting the Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Nigeria.

Till 28 September 2014, the recorded cases are: 7,157 suspected  and the deaths of 3,330. The 2014 West African Ebola outbreak is the biggest outbreak of the disease. As per WHO till now there no proven treatment for this disease.

How Ebola is spread?

This virus is spread through contacts such as blood or bodily fluids of an infected career (human or animals). The airborne Ebola is still not has not been reported.

It is believed that the Ebola is introduced into the humans through the infected animals such as the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids.

Then the Ebola virus spread to the human population through human-to-human transmission mainly via direct contact. The broken skin or the mucous membranes are the places through which Ebola virus can enter into human body. If a person comes in contact with the infected persons the virus many enter into the body of the healthy person. The blood, bodily fluids are the sources of the virus outbreak. The bedding and clothing of the infected person can infect the healthy persons. So, its very dangerous disease, till now there is no airborne infection.

It is also noted that the Male survivor of this disease may transmit the disease through semen for nearly two months.


The diagnosis of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) from other infectious diseases such as malaria, typhoid fever and meningitis is difficult. The Confirmation of the Ebola virus infections are done through following investigations:

  • ELISA test
  • antigen-capture detection tests
  • serum neutralization test
  • RT-PCR assay tests
  • electron microscopy
  • and the virus isolation by cell culture

This test also poses potential extreme biohazard risk as it is very infectious and there is not treatment of Ebola virus infection. The test for EVD is done under maximum biological containment conditions.


There is no approve treatment and vaccine for the Ebola virus disease (EVD). Scientists are working on to find the medicines and vaccines for the EVD.

Prevention and Control of EVD

Various agencies are working hard to prevent the spreading of the Ebola virus. There is no proven treatment or vaccine of the Ebola virus but you can follow the certain guideline to keep yourself safe.

  • Avoid direct contact with the infected person
  • Avoid close contact with wild animals
  • Fully aware yourself about the symptoms of the EVD.
  • Don't handle the dead body of people who have died due to EVD. Only expert should handle the dead bodies of the persons died with Ebola infection

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