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Everything you need to know about Nicaragua: news, reviews, in-depth analysis, opinion and more

Nicaragua: Multi Ethnic Central American Country

In the beginning of the 16th century the Spanish explorers settled on the Pacific coast of Nicaragua and the Spanish colonialised the whole landmass of Nicaragua after some time. The Spanish dominance ended in 1838 and Nicaragua became an independent republic. The richness and strategic location of Nicaragua attracted the British in beginning of 19th century. By 1978 governmental manipulation and corruption spread to all classes resulting in violent opposition to the government. This civil unrest continued for years and finally in 1979 Marxist Sandinista came to power. In 1981 the US suspended its aid to Nicaragua charging it with helping Cuba and the Soviet Union in supplying arms to rebels in El Salvador. Finally in 1984 general elections were held and Daniel Ortega, the Sandinista junta coordinator became the new president.

Nicaragua Profile: Overview of Facts and Figures

    · National Name: Republic of Nicaragua
    · Capital: Managua
    · Total area: 120,254 sq km (46,430 sq miles)
    · Population: 5.7 million (UN, 2008)
    · Currency: Gold Cordoba
    · Languages: Spanish 97.5% (official), Miskito 1.7%, other 0.8% (1995 census)
    note: English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast
    · Ethnicity/ Races: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%
    · Religion: Roman Catholic 58.5%, Evangelical 21.6%, Moravian 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 0.9%, other 1.7%, none 15.7% (2005 census)
    · GDP (Per Capita): $3,000 (2008 est.)
    · Life Expectancy: Male: 69.08 years, Female: 73.44 years (2008 est.)
    · Literacy Rate: Male: 67.2%, Female: 67.8% (2003 est.)

Geographical Information on Nicaragua:
Nicaragua is located in the Northern Hemisphere 11 degree north of the Equator. The country is bordered by Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west of the country, the Caribbean Sea to the east.

The climatic condition of Nicaragua is warm and humid but the temperature varies according to the altitudes. The average year round temperature is about 28°C. The rainy season is from May to October and rainfall varies according to altitude.

Culture, Cuisine and Tradition of Nicaragua:
The culture of Nicaragua is a mixture of Hispanic and Native American elements with some regional variations. The western half of the country was colonialised by Spain and influence of Spanish culture and traditions can be seen in this region. While the eastern half of the country was under the British protectorate so the domination of western culture and traditions can be seen in this part.

The cuisine of Nicaragua dates back to pre-Colombian times and the Nicaraguan recipe is enhanced by the mixture of interesting dishes from the Chinese, French, Latin American, and Spanish styles of cooking. The Nicaraguan staple diet revolves around the local fruits and corn. Many of Nicaragua's dishes include indigenous fruits and vegetables such as jocote, mango, papaya, tamarindo, pipian, banana, avocado, yuca, and herbs such as cilantro, oregano and achiote

Tourist Attraction of Nicaragua:
The colonial architectural beauty of Spain and Britain on two different sides of Nicaragua provide a glimpse into their mighty imperialist power. The comparative beauty of both sides of Nicaragua delights the tourists from world over.
Granada: Granada is the beautiful city founded by the Spanish in 1524. It is famous for its architectural beauty and reflects the spirit of colonial power. Its strategic position on the shores of Lake Nicaragua makes it an important trading post, and the fertile farming land makes it a prosperous city in Nicaragua.
The Atlantic Coast: The Atlantic Coast of Nicaragua is famous for its water sports. The high rising waves challenges surfers and daring water divers.

Major Sight-seeing Places in Nicaragua include:

    · León
    · RíoSan Juan
    · Lake Nicaragua
    · Volcán Masaya National Park
    · Highlands

Mexican poet wins human rights prize

April 23, 2012 at 10:44 AM

Mexico City, April 23 (IANS/EFE) Poet Javier Sicilia received the Sergio Mendez Arceo Human Rights Prize this weekend for his efforts to promote peace in Mexico.

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