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Everything you need to know about Ghana: news, reviews, in-depth analysis, opinion and more

Ghana: The Gold Mine of Africa

Ghana's history is marked by a number of colonial conquests that exploited this country for their commercial purposes and also used the native people as slaves. Around 15 th century it came under the rule of Portuguese colonizers who after having found much gold in the Volta river basin named it Mina. Next, the English colonialists took over the Gold Coast followed by the French who named the area to its west as Cote d'Ivoire. Later the Britishers took over its major area after defeating the Ashanti and other powerful kingdoms. It won back its independence in the year 1957.

Ghana Fast Facts :

  • National Name : Republic of Ghana
  • National Capital : Accra
  • Total Area : 238,533 sq km (92,098 sq miles)
  • Total Population : 23.9 million (UN, 2008)
  • Ethnic races : Akan 45.3%, Mole-Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Grusi 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.4%, other 7.8% (2000 census)
  • Religions : Christian 68.8% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 24.1%, Protestant 18.6%, Catholic 15.1%, other 11%), Muslim 15.9%, traditional 8.5%, other 0.7%, none 6.1% (2000 census)
  • Currency : Cedi
  • GDP per capita (PPP) : $1,400 (2007 est.)
  • Languages : Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other 36.1% (includes English (official)) (2000 census)
  • Life expectancy : 60 years (men), 60 years (women) (UN)
  • Literacy Rate : 75% (2003 est.)

Ghana Geography, Climate and Economy :

The Terrain of Ghana mostly consists of low-lying, flat plains along with a dissected plateau in the south. Its coastline is 537 km long characterized by low and sandy shores having several rivers. The northern side of the country consists of tropical rain forests dissected by hills and rivers.

The climate of Ghana is generally tropical. The annual temperature of the country remains between 26 and 29 degree Celsius. In the southeastern coast there is a warm and dry climate while hot and humid climate characterizes the southwest part. In the north it experiences hot and dry climate and the Kwahu Plateau situated in this part forms an important climatic divide.

Ghana comprises ample natural resources and was thereby exploited by the colonial powers. Agriculture forms an important part of its domestic economy accounting to over 35% of the GDP. It largely remains financially dependent on international assistance and gold and cocoa production forms the major part of its foreign exchange. Other than this Ghana's natural resource consists of bauxite, manganese, hydropower, petroleum, limestone and timber.

Culture and Cuisine of Ghana:

Ghana incorporates a number of different ethnic groups that have varied cultural follow-ups differing in tradition. The largest ethnic section comprises of Akans along with other societies like Dagomba, Ewe, Ga, Guan and Adangbe. Besides this, there are several museums and cultural centers that still uphold the traditional and ancient relics of the past.

The cuisine of Ghana varies among different ethnic groups having different culinary cultures. Some of the popular Ghanian dishes include Waakye, Fufu, Banku, Kokonte, Gari, Omo Tuo and many others. Kontomire is the most popular Ghanian dish, which is served with rice and stew.

Tourist Attractions in Ghana :

Accra, the capital city of Ghana offers a plethora of tourist sites. Makola Market is an splendid and resourceful open market that has flourished due to the Ghanian women business expertise. Besides this, there is a National Museum, which incorporates a collection of historical relics featuring Ghana's past and colonial history. Then there are some European built castles and forts, which are regarded as the World Heritage Monuments by the UNESCO.

Some Other Tourist Sites are :

  • Elmina castle
  • St Jago castle
  • Cape coast castle
  • Larabanga Mosque
  • Mole National Park
  • Akosombo Dam
  • Leydsaamheyd Fort
  • Larabanga
  • Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park

India targets the young to bridge gap with Africa

May 3, 2012 at 2:14 PM

Accra (Ghana), May 3 (IANS) India is attempting to bridge the gap with Africa by roping in the young through a four-year long programme that comes on the back of increased trade.

Airtel revenue rises in Africa

May 2, 2012 at 6:40 PM

New Delhi, May 2 (IANS) India's Bharti Airtel Wednesday reported a 16 percent growth in revenue in its Africa operations at $1.2 billion during the quarter ended March 31 over the like period of the previous financial year.

SAFA apologizes to Ghana over age-cheating claims

April 27, 2012 at 4:26 PM

Accra (Ghana), April 27 (IANS) The South African Football Association (SAFA) has apologised to its Ghanaian counterpart over age-cheating allegations made against Ghana by the coach of its women's under-17 team.


US ambassador-designate Nancy Powell arrives in India

April 19, 2012 at 11:41 PM

New Delhi, April 19 (IANS) US ambassador-designate Nancy J. Powell arrived here Thursday, following her March 29 confirmation by the American Senate as the first woman head of the US mission in India.

Ghana cholera toll rises to 21

April 19, 2012 at 5:09 AM

Accra, April 19 (IANS) The toll in the cholera outbreak here in Ghana's capital has risen to 21. Over 1,500 cases of the disease have been reported, an official said.

Jai Gulabrai looks like an Indian, has the heart of a Ghanaian (With Image)

April 16, 2012 at 12:03 PM

Accra, April 16 (IANS) He looks every inch an Indian. But that is all about 67-year-old Jai Gulabrai because he has adapted to all of Ghana's ways and is a Ghanaian at heart like any other second generation Indian born and nurtured in the country.

Uruguayan international Sebastian wants to end career at Nacional

April 15, 2012 at 3:39 PM

Rio de Janeiro, April 15 (IANS) Uruguayan international Sebastian Abreu said he wanted to finish his career at Montevideo's Nacional, the club he idolized as a child.

Suarez open repeating his shameful World Cup handball to win against Everton

April 14, 2012 at 4:12 PM

London, Apr 14(ANI): Liverpool striker Luis Suarez has said he won't have any qualms in repeating his shameful World Cup handball at Wembley against Everton on Saturday in their FA Cup semifinal clash.

Britain wastes millions on deporting migrants

April 12, 2012 at 6:59 PM

London, April 12 (IANS) Britain's border control agency has wasted millions of pounds on chartering half-empty flights to deport illegal migrants, including Pakistanis and Sri Lankans, a media report said Thursday.

Spain retain top spot in FIFA ranking

April 12, 2012 at 1:31 PM

Madrid, April 12 (IANS) Spain retained first position in the newly-released FIFA rankings but the Netherlands, which were second in March, dropped to fourth, while Germany and Uruguay moved up to the second and third positions, respectively.

Bamboo bicycles launched in Manipur

April 6, 2012 at 1:14 PM

Imphal, Apr 6 (ANI): Manipur has launched bicycles made out of bamboo in a bid to introduce green sensibility in the state.

Cholera epidemic kills 11 in Ghana

April 5, 2012 at 9:04 AM

Accra, April 5 (IANS) At least 11 people have died from a fresh outbreak of cholera in Ghana's capital Accra in less than two weeks, Xinhua reported.

'Rogue Indians can destroy country's reputation in Ghana'

April 3, 2012 at 2:16 PM

Accra (Ghana), April 3 (IANS) A few rogue Indians can destroy the image of their countrymen, widely well regarded in Ghana, say police officials of the west African country, citing recent incidents of Indians figuring in the news for the wrong reasons.

Trade and commerce activities gain momentum in Nagaland

March 23, 2012 at 10:32 PM

Dimapur, Mar 23 (ANI): The return of normalcy to Nagaland has benefited traders and businessmen of the state. The state, recently, hosted the first international spring expo in Dimapur where both domestic and overseas entrepreneurs exhibited their products.

Trade and commerce activities gain momentum in Nagaland

March 23, 2012 at 5:20 PM

Dimapur, Mar 23 (ANI): The return of normalcy to Nagaland has benefited traders and businessmen of the state. The state, recently, hosted the first international spring expo in Dimapur where both domestic and overseas entrepreneurs exhibited their products.

Pakistan added to money-laundering countries blacklist

February 17, 2012 at 7:41 PM

Paris, Feb 17 (ANI): An international money-laundering watchdog has added Pakistan, Indonesia, Ghana, Tanzania and Thailand to its blacklist of nations that fail to meet international standards.

Mancini claims Capello could have won 'Euros' for England

February 11, 2012 at 3:33 PM

London, Feb 11(ANI): Manchester City manager Roberto Mancini has defended his fellow Italian Fabio Capello and believes he could have won England the Euros in 2012.

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