Cutting no ice with the domestic as well as international appeal to free the Nobel laureate, the Myanmar's military junta again has extended the detention of opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi on May 27. Suu Kyi has been detained for more than 12 years.
A pro-democracy activist who is born to be freedom fighter and to fray against atrocities of her own people, a well-known educationist but earned name for her political struggle… people fondly call her by Daw meaning aunt.
Aung San Suu Kyi was born in June 19, 1945 in Rangoon, Myanmar (earlier called Burma) to her father Aung San, a former Burmese premier who fought for Burma’s independence from the imperialistic clutches of United Kingdom in 1947 and mother Khin Kyi, who was appointed as Burma's ambassador to India in the 1960s.
A loving daughter to her parents along with two sons Aung San Lin and Aung San Oo was not very fortunate from the very beginning of her life. At the mere age of two, she lost her father. Her father was assassinated. Misfortune again fell on her after six years to his father’s death. This time she lost one of her brothers, Aung San Lin in a pool accident. She was then just eight years old. She earned childhood education in the English Catholic Schools in her homeland.
At the age of 15 years she left Burma for India with her mother, who was appointed as the Burmese ambassador to India in 1960. From Lady Shri Ram College in Delhi, she completed her graduation in Politics.
The young lady took her B.A. degree in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics from St Hugh’s College of Oxford University in 1967. The year 1971 acknowledged her gaining political experience when she joined UN secretarial as Assistant Secretary, Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions.
She bonded into matrimonial alliance in 1972 with Dr. Michael Aris, a scholar of Tibetan Culture and the very next year she earned blessing to be honoured with mother of a son Alexander. Five years later the couple had another son, Kim. Sister of the two brothers now had become the mother of two sons.
In 1988 Aung San Suu Kyi returned her motherland to look after her ailing mother. As a true disciple of Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violent protests, she soon involved in the second struggle for national independence in Myanmar in 1988. The opportunity came to her after stepping down of the ruling socialist party, General Ne Win followed by the acquisition of the power by military junta.
To restore democracy she involved into political freedom struggle and became the leader of the democratic opposition, which employs non-violent means to resist a regime characterised by brutality. She also earned the name for founding National League for Democracy on 27th September 1988.
Pressure from all quarters led the military junta to held election in May 1990. The election result went into favour of the opposition. Suu Kyi would have to become the prime minister of the country but military junta violated the code of conduct and refused to handover the regime.
Aung San Suu Kyi rebuffed to leave the country and since then was placed under house arrest. But the military junta could not deter her from earning ‘Rafto Prize’ and the ‘Sakharov Prize’ for Freedom of Thought-the same year. In 1991 she became the recipient of the ‘Nobel Peace Prize’ and the next year she was honoured with ‘Jawahar Lal Nehru Peace Prize’ by the Government of India.
A true devotee to the humankind, Aung San Suu Kyi was granted release from the house arrest in 1995 on the condition of not leaving the country. Her husband became a victim of cancer in 1997. He was denied a visa to Burma and died without her in 1999 burying the longing desire to meet her at his last moment.
God still had to take her patience. She was again put to house arrest in September 2000 and caged till 2002 and again since 2003, she has been constantly kept behind bars at home.
The military government incurred international condemnation for this callous act, but did not set her free.
Almost 12 years since her arrival to Myanmar in 1988 Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has been kept under house arrest without trial. March 8, 2008 the day was Saturday, she was allowed to meet Ibrahim Gambari, representing UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, but the secrets of the meeting were kept tight lipped.
Read More: Delhi
Muhammad Moosa RindMay 29, 2008 at 12:00 AM