Fairs and Festivals of Bihar have always fascinated people from different corners of India and world. The Cultural festivals of Bihar India always play a significant role in breaking social barriers and inspire people to live and inspire love and brotherhood together. Bihar has a history for many festivals and fun, which have been coming from very beginning for the people of Bihar. Now these customs and traditions have become a part of life for the people of Bihar, which unite them to come closer, enjoy and forget their differences. There are some major festivals celebrated in Bihar, as given below:
The most popular Chatth puja(Festival) of Bihar
Chhath puja is one of the main festivals of Bihar in which people have great faith. Chhath puja is celebrated in maximum part of Bihar and it is the occasion when entire people residing outside from Bihar reach their home to celebrate Chhath puja with family. It is a 4-day celebration for which people maintain sanctity and purity from even a month ahead. Women do fast for the Chhath puja wishes good of their family and also for the society. In fact during Chhath puja people worshipped 'sun god' with immense faith and on the occasion the traditional folk song can be heard everywhere.
Makar Sankranti celebration in Bihar
Makar Sankranti is also a major celebration for Bihar as people believes that that very day is the beginning of the summer season and from this day on the days becomes longer and the heat of the sun also increases. It also known as Tila Sankrant when people take the traditional meal like Khichdi and cord with chuda, a special made food item from paddy. The day also observes for people by giving offering to the poor of the society.
Famous Deepawali Festival in Bihar: Deepawali is known as festival of light and it the very day after which the celebration of Chhath starts. To enjoy Deepawali especially children wait for the day for their celebration with cracker and light whereas elder's ladies and gents use the festival for cleaning their houses and surrounding to celebrate the festivals.
Durga Puja in Bihar: Durga puja is one of the most important events in Hindu and Patna also witnesses it with great triumph and dedication. Entire city become well decorated very early from the Durga Puja, which last for ten days. Bihar is also the state like other states of India where Durga Puja celebrated with full fever. Entire city of State remains decorated with various and colorful pandals with beautiful idols, which attracts people. People and especially young generation engaged in preparations for Durga puja and they watch the various idols and decoration of pandals.
Holi Festival of Bihar: Holi is another major festival, which celebrated with full fever in the state. After Chhath Puja, Holi is another occasion when people of Bihar who resides outside, reached to their hometown to celebrate Holi. It is the occasion when people from all religion and caste celebrate together ignoring their cast, religion, and economic and social backgrounds.
Sonepur Cattle Fair of Bihar
Bihar has a past of golden heritage and culture and it has remained a land of fun and festivals. Sonepur cattle fair is one of those, which is the biggest fair of its kind in the entire Asia. Sonepur, which is situated on the confluence of Ganges and Gandak, is the famous on the world map for its famous cattle fair, which is also known as Harihar Kshetra Mela.
Sonepur fair is held on Kartik Poornima, the full moon day in the month of November every year. The major significance of the Sonepur cattle fair is that all breeds of various cattle and animals including Persian horses, rabbits and elephants, horses present in the fair on various stalls, which attracts visitors. Various species of birds and poultry are also the major attractions of the fair, which enchants the people form various part.
Due to large participation of the visitors from various part of country, it has become a major celebration for the state and it plays a crucial role for the state economy as not only cattle but fair also displays the gamut of various goods including garments, furniture, horticulture and agricultural implements and handicrafts.