Patan Devi temple is one of the oldest and most sacred temples situated in Patna. It is believed that the name of Patna is derived from that very temple name which was known as Maa Patneshwari.
According to Puran, once Prajapati Daksha celebrated Brihaspati Yajna and invited every god except Shiva, his own son-in-law. When Sati, the wife of Lord Shiva heard this she went to her father home but it is said that there was no seat allowed to her husband. Due to this she felt mortified and put and end to her life. The whole episode put Shiva anger and sorrow and started tandav with the dead body of his wife. It horrified all the gods and then Vishnu cleverly followed the dancing Shiva and started cutting the body of Sati into pieces and major limbs of the body fell the places became Mahapithas. Patan Devi temple is one of the 51 Siddha Shakti Pithas in India, as sources say.
Badi Patan devi temple is situated facing North towards Gangas river and statues inside the temple is made from black stone. The main room of temple consists of the statues namely Maha Kali, Maha Lakshmi, Maha Saraswati and Bhairav. Mass level of devotees visits the temple, as it is matter of their faith. People believe that promised being made before the Goddess fulfilled and they offer gifts to the temple after their wishes fulfilled.
According to sources, devotees can visit temple at any time but it remains open from morning 6 am to 10 pm. The temple does not distinguish between any castes or creed and it is open for all religions and castes.
There is also another temple known as Chhoti Patan devi temple which is situated in chock area of Patna city. People and devotees have the same faith in the Chhoti patan devi temple and they pray for their promised and wishes before the Goddess.