Non-Hispanic white births now minority in US
London, May 18 (ANI): White births in the US have been surpassed by racial and ethnic minorities, according to the estimates of the latest US census data.
Black, Hispanic, Asian and mixed-race births made up 50.4 percent of new arrivals in the year ending in July 2011.
It has put non-Hispanic white births in the minority for the first time.
Sociologists blame the ongoing economic slowdown for contributing to a greater decline in birth rates among white people.
The US Census Bureau recorded 2.02m babies born to minorities in the year to July 2011, just over half of all births, compared with 37 percent in 1990.
The number of white births has fallen by 11.4 percent since 2008, compared with 3.2 percent for minorities, according to Kenneth Johnson, a sociologist at the University of New Hampshire.
William Frey, head of demographics at the Brookings Institution, said the data presaged a new set of challenges to the US in years to come.
"There's a sharp division between the older population - with the votes and the money and the power, and a lot of needs - and the young population that is foreign to them and with whom they have no personal connection," the BBC quoted him as saying.
According to Frey, the US will see an inevitable decline in the numbers of whites in the labour force, as population changes, adding that better pathways to education were needed for the changing demographic groups.
In its analysis, the Census Bureau found that the national median age rose slightly to 37.2 years, and the number of people in the US who are 65 or older increased by 1.1m to 41.4m.
There are now 5.7m people who are over the age of 85.
The country's minority population now makes up 36.6 percent of the total US population.
Hispanics make up the largest minority in the US, forming 16.7 percent of the population in 2011. They are also the fastest growing group and have seen a 3.1 percent population increase since 2010.
But demographers also believe the Hispanic population boom may now have peaked.
"The Latino population is very young, which means they will continue to have a lot of births relative to the general population," Mark Mather of the Population Reference Bureau said.
"But we're seeing a slowdown that is likely the result of multiple factors: declining Latina birth rates combined with lower immigration levels. If both of these trends continue, they will lead to big changes down the road," Mather said.
As well as changes in birth rates among Hispanics, studies have also shown that immigration levels are also changing.
A recent survey by the Pew Hispanic Center indicated that migration to the US from Mexico has begun to decline after four decades of sustained growth.
The data also showed that African-Americans comprise the second largest US minority group, with a population of 43.9m in 2011, while Asians are growing second-fastest at a rate of 3 percent since 2010.
Four states namely- Hawaii, California, New Mexico, Texas and the District of Columbia are now counted as majority-minority states, with more than half their population made up of minority groups. (ANI)
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